MeTRC Research Teams:
Curriculum Conversion and Implementation
Preston Lewis, University of Kentucky
Accessible Curriculum Online
Lindy Crawford, Texas Christian University
Michael Russell, Measured Progress
Accessible Middle School Algebra
Mark Horney, University of Oregon
Accessible Computer Algebra System
Emily C. Bouck, Purdue University
- How can mathematical text be made accessible to students with print disabilities?
- How can the readability of a mathematical text be measured?
- What role does vocabulary play in learning mathematics?
- How are textbooks used in teaching and learning mathematics?
- How does text complexity influence math comprehension and learning outcomes?
News & Features
NIMAS and Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) Structure Guidelines
On June 22, 2012, the Office of Special Education Programs and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) at the US Department of Education issued a "Dear Colleague" letter encouraging state and local educational agencies to ask publishers to use new MathML 3 Structure Guidelines when requesting NIMAS files.
The National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) details the minimum standard that State educational agencies (SEAs) and local educational agencies (LEAs) must meet in order to comply with the requirements under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to provide instructional materials to students with print disabilities in elementary and secondary schools.
In publicizing the new MathML 3 Structure Guidelines, the Department notes that these guidelines "reflect the most effective method of providing accessible print instructional materials involving mathematical and scientific content to students who are blind or who have print disabilities." With this announcement in hand, States and local districts that are actively adopting textbooks or otherwise updating their accessible textbook policies in compliance with NIMAS can confidently add MathML 3 to their requirements, thus making the complex equations in their math texts accessible when read by students using their assistive technology.
Related articles on other websites
- In Math You Have to Remember, In Other Subjects You Can Think About It (maa.org)
- Fluency in Math (scmathcoach.wordpress.com)
- Wikipedia adds MathJax display option (aperiodical.com)
- White House event: STEM Equality For Americans With Disabilities (accessiblemath.dessci.com)
- How Do You Spark a Love of Math in Kids? (blogs.kqed.org)
MeTRC's mission is to learn how the printed materials used by teachers and students in mathematics classrooms can be converted into electronic forms, and how the increased capabilities in the form, function, and content enabled by this conversion, might increase access to mathematics, and improve student learning and achievement. We're especially concerned with how such "eTexts" will impact students with learning or visual disabilities.Read more...
What is Supported Text?
Supported Electronic Text is a form of hypertext applied to instructional materials in ways designed to increase reading comprehension and to promote content-area learning. Read more...
A Typology of Supported eText
Eleven categories of supported eText resources have been defined that may be used to support a specific source text, depending on the characteristics of that text, the characteristics of the student(s) using the text, and the requirements of the specific reading or learning task that the student is undertaking. Read more...